Thursday, March 8, 2018

The Historical Lesson of Integrity

In each edition of The Washington Post there is a section titled “Happening Today” that lists some important meetings and events,  usually in the government – the President’s schedule, meetings, economic report roll outs, etc. On February 26 one announcement caught my eye: “3 p.m. The Senate gathers for the annual reading of George Washington’s 1796 Farewell Address to be delivered by Sen. Gary Peters (D-Mich.)”

According to the Senate Historical Office, the annual reading of the address by a current member is “one of the Senate’s most enduring traditions.” The first reading in 1862 was held as a means to boost morale during the Civil War. It was established as a yearly event in 1896, the centennial of its first publication. 

 It occurs to me that the rationale for its first Senate reading –morale  boosting– is particularly appropriate today with a country polarized by divisive disputes and led by a president lacking in basic leadership qualities, not the least of which is integrity, as so calmly exemplified by our first president.
The almost 7000 word “address” was not intended to be delivered in person but rather as a letter. Assisting in its preparation were James Madison and thereafter Alexander Hamilton.  It was first published in a journal called the American Daily Advertiser on September 19, 1796 in Philadelphia, then our nation’s capital. Washington’s purpose was to give advice to the young country for its future. 

 He first cleared a path by announcing he would not seek a third term as president in the upcoming election, just weeks away. He then went on to plead for national unity, well aware of the growth of political parties (then Federalists and Republicans) and the growing divisions in the nation. 

The U.S. Senate website summarizes the address as follows:  “Washington warned that the forces of geographical sectionalism, political factionalism, and interference by foreign powers in the nation's domestic affairs threatened the stability of the Republic. He urged Americans to subordinate sectional jealousies to common national interests.”  Doesn’t that summary resonate with our current situation? For instance, wasn’t the Russian attempt in 2016 to disrupt our presidential election tantamount to an effort to destabilize the Republic?

I daresay George Washington would be dismayed by the state of the nation today, and how his prescient warnings and advice are being ignored.  He also wrote:” It is substantially true that virtue or morality is a necessary spring of popular government. The rule, indeed, extends with more or less force to every species of free government. Who that is a sincere friend to it can look with indifference upon attempts to shake the foundation of the fabric.”  Even the most casual of observers can see that our current president, through his own immoral character and actions, is shaking that foundation. The indifference of many politicians only adds to the downward slide.

Washington’s address springs from his own integrity; Trump’s words and deeds issue from the lack thereof.  There are many synonyms for integrity, such as honesty, rectitude,  a character based on high moral and ethical principles.  The word is based on the Latin integer – meaning  whole or complete. A leader with integrity has to lead from within- from who he or she is completely. 

This applies to our leaders in the nonprofit sector every bit as much as it applies to government officials. We must not lose sight of the leadership standard of integrity, even as examples of the opposite flare up around us every day. I don’t know how many U.S. senators heard or took to heart the words of Washington’s Farewell Address recited in the chamber a few weeks ago. I hope some did. They, and others in position of authority in all sectors of our society, have got to pay attention.

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